Stomach Stapling: A Surgical Technique Used For Massive Weight Reduction
Stomach stapling, also known as vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), is a restrictive technique used for patients with a severe weight problem. The procedure is done on a large scale today, especially in conjunction with various digestive tract bypass techniques.
Stomach stapling method
Using a band, the stomach is portioned (or stapled) in two rooms (also known as pouches) – a very small and a much larger one. The orifice created between the two partitions is of around 1 centimeter in diameter. Food and liquids first get inside the small pouch, which can take in only around 15 milliliters, then slowly flow to the rest of the stomach. The digestive process is slowed and the patient gets a “full” sensation. As a result, patients are less likely to overeat, and weight loss, through physical caloric restriction, occurs.
The procedure is convenient and yields positive results, but has risks associated with it.
- If performed incorrectly, stomach stapling can lead to a handful of serious issues. Gastric fluids are highly abrasive, so any leaks on the small pouch can damage inner organs – they will literally be digested.
- The slowed digestive process will, at first, cause discomfort. Patients may feel uneasy for the first few months after the procedure.
- If the doctor’s recommendations aren’t followed, serious conditions may arise. Eating more than the small pouch can hold may lead to vomiting, nausea or, at worst, the breaking of the staples and damaging of the stomach.
Recommendations after the operation:
The patient’s efforts do not end immediately after the surgery. While the procedure reduces appetite, some lifestyle changes are necessary to maximize the benefits of the procedure. Patients need to be proactive.
- Food should be chewed properly. The new “tiny stomach” will have a hard time breaking down large chunks of food, which will lead to nausea and stomach aches.
- Fibrous food should be avoided. Since the procedure is designed for the stomach to immediately dispose of substances that are low in fibers, patients should do their best to take in as little fibrous food as possible.
- Patients should follow a healthy diet to nourish their body and build muscle mass, which will have the added cosmetic benefit of firming skin which may become loose after stomach stapling.